Solar Institute in Parkent
The Solar Institute of Uzbekistan is one of the most interesting sights in the country! It is located in Parkent district of the Tashkent region, in the village of Sun (Kuyosh). There are two similar facilities in the world: one is in France, the second is in Uzbekistan in Central Asia.
The history of establishment of the Solar Institute in Uzbekistan
The Physico-Technical Institute, NGO “Physics-Sun” was organized in November, 4, 1943. This was the first academic institution to carry out large-scale fundamental and applied research in the field of physical science and technology throughout Central Asia. It has several major tasks related to the development of science and technology in the entire region.
The unique base of the complex allows to conduct multi-purpose observations of the Sun, to engage in theoretical and experimental research.The implementation of the bold project “Sun Institute of Uzbekistan” has become possible thanks to the efforts and enthusiasm of the Uzbek academician Said Azimovich Azimov. The Physical Technical Institute of Uzbekistan is called the brainchild of Said Azimov, since it was he who initiated the solar materials in the country.
In the 70s of the twentieth century, realizing the prospects for the development of environmentally friendly renewable energy sources, Said Azimov initiated the creation of the “Big solar furnace” of Uzbekistan. In the early 80s, he sought approval of the project and headed the construction of an innovative facility in Parkent district (50 km. from Tashkent). The construction of the institute was begun in 1981 and was successfully completed in 1988. In the same year, a unique optical mirror complex with a “Big solar furnace” with a thermal capacity of 1000 kW was put into operation.
The Uzbek Institute "Physics-Sun" was built on an open hill, in an ecologically clean area. The number of sunny days per year at this point approaches 280. At the base of the hill involved in the construction is a one-piece plate of natural origin, which ensures maximum accuracy of the complex’s work even in unfavorable seismological situations.
In 1993 on the basis of this complex, the Institute of Materials Science was created. It is part of the "Physics-Sun" of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in which original developments on the synthesis of high-temperature compounds are conducted.
Be sure to take an informative excursion to the Solar Institute in Parkent using the Uzbekistan tour packages.