Shastri Monument in Tashkent
Very few people know, but in Tashkent there is a monument to ShastriIn, the great son of a friendly people.
Today, in the city center on a quiet crossroads of the district C-1 there is a monument to Shastri, a man who left a mark in the history of not only India but Tashkent also.
Few words about Shastri as an outstanding personality
Lal Bakhadur was born on October 2, 1904. Due to his belonging to the caste of Kayastha, he began to study when he was 4. However, becoming older, already in the 7th form, Lal Bakhadur stopped using his surname Varma, thus deciding to abandon his caste background. In the 10th form, the young Lal Bakhadur was so inspired by Mahatma Gandhi that he decided to leave the public school and join the non-violent resistance movement.
Further, Lal Bakhadur became the student of the private university of the Indian National Congress, and in 1925 he became a bachelor of philosophy and ethics, having received the title "shastri", which is translated as "scientist". Thus, the title became his name.
After graduation, Shastri became an activist for the Independence Movement of India. Several times he went to jail, where he had to spend 9 years at total. After gaining Independence, Lal Bakhadur was appointed the Minister of the Interior in his native state. In 1964, he was appointed the prime minister of India.
As a prime minister, Shastri tried to reach compromises and did not conduct drastic reforms.
History of the creation of the Shastri monument in Tashkent
In August-September 1965, there was a second war between India and Pakistan. Although at some point the truce was achieved, the situation in the region remained tense.
In order to finally complete the confrontation between two countries, the USSR called on the enemies to start negotiations in Tashkent. After several days of heavy discussions of general political differences, on January 10, 1966 Shastri and the Pakistan President Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent Declaration. It put the end to the war.
That evening the diplomats celebrated the signing of a historic document. When the fun was quiet, already at 01:00 (according to Tashkent time), Shastri became ill, and an hour later he died. The reason was the heart attack.
In the morning in Tashkent there was a funeral procession towards the airport. One of those who carried the Shastri's coffin was his former opponent - Pakistan's President.
Ten years later, in 1976, a monument to Shastri was created in Tashkent. The sculptor was Shapiro. The monument is made in the form of a bust. The monument is mounted on a pedestal which is made of pink granite. The inscription of metal letters "LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI 1904 - 1966" is laid out on the monument. Today almost all Indian guests visit this place.