Mausoleum of Sheikh Syed Alauddin
The mausoleum of Sheikh Syed Alauddin in Khiva
The oldest of the surviving architecture of Khiva is the mausoleum of Sheikh Syed Alauddin, referring to the 14th century. Mausoleum was built in honor of the great Sufi sheikh student and follower of Sheikh Syed Alauddin known mystic of the Naqshbandi Order Amir Kulaly.
Shrine Mausoleum with a great majolica tomb attracts visitors from all countries. Contrast of the modest mausoleum attire and bright ink tombs is so high that it seems tombstone brought here from another location.
Center of ceramic production at that time was Old Urgench - the capital of Khorezm. Hence the techniques and designs of architectural ceramics were exported not only to the cities of Khorezm, but also far beyond it. Undoubtedly, and tombstone Sayyid Alauddin, similar to overall style tomb mausoleum Najmiddin Kubro in Urgench, could be carried out by Kunya Urgench masters.
Tombstone consists of a pedestal with corner columns supporting a strong plate with two "Saga" (lancet end Muslim gravestones). Facing tiles tombstones stamped light relief. He painted small flowers and floral ornaments going back to ancient Sogdian samples. Against the background of colorful ornaments stand out white-saga ends inscriptions that repeated with small chronogram of the date of Sayyid Alauddin death - March 18, 1303.
The beauty of patterns, composition and tone painting, transparent glaze introduces this ceramic decoration to the best examples of majolica cladding art of 14th century.