Sightseeing in Khiva

Sightseeing in Khiva: the exotic character of Eastern architectural masterpieces

Mysterious Sights of legendary city

Khiva is the city museum like Pompeya and Gerkulanum, but unlike these places it is alive city. Khiva is one of the major geographical points on the Silk Road. Its share fell to be the center of the Khiva Khanate that was repeatedly shattered and revitalized. Merchants from Khorezm were expected in many cities, the best fur and fabric in traditionally Khorezm. Despite the fact that the Khiva assumed the aspect in the period of the Khiva Khanate, archaeological excavations showed cultural layers pertaining to BC. Many historical monuments of this city concentrated in the inner city, Ichan-Kala fortress with four gates oriented to the four cardinal points, for the convenience of coming caravans.

Islam Khoja Complex

One of the treasures of Ichan Kala, which in 1990 became the first place of interest of Uzbekistan, put on the list of the World Heritage of UNESCO is Islam Khoja Complex. Madrassah and Minaret, composing the complex, are the most recognizable monuments of this old city, its original business card. The erection of Islam Khoja Complex in Khiva underwent from 1908 to 1910.

Khoja Berdibai Madrasah

Few people know one of the oldest madrasah in Khiva - Khoja Berdibai Madrasah, built on the initiative of rich and respected people. Today, we can witness the madrasah in almost pristine condition.

Allakuli Khan Madrasah

In the inner town of Khiva between the covered bazaar Tim and the Eastern gates Palvan Darvaza the tourists can visit Allakuli Khan Madrasah. Peopletravel Company is pleased to offer the unforgettable trip to Uzbekistan, mainly to Khiva where you will see the most outstanding historical monuments of medieval of Central Asia.

Ichan Kala

Khiva is a wonderful place for getting acquainted with Uzbekistan firstly. Once having found yourself here, you travel for a few centuries ago in your imagination. Everything is perfectly preserved - city walls, madrasahs and minarets. You will walk along the wall as well as narrow side streets, and feel the gulp of the ancient East.

Khazarasp fortress

On the left bank of the Amu Darya there is an ancient settlement Khazarasp that preserves the most ancient fortress in Uzbekistan. Located near Khiva in 3-4 BC it was a big developed city but now there is only small village with unique fortress that refers us to the ancient times.

Museum of the History of Khorezm

Museum of the History of Khorezm named after Al-Khwarizmi was built for the anniversary of al-Khwarizmi. The exposition of the museum was moved from the former palace of Tash-Hawley.

Pottery of Khiva

Pottery holds a special place in the history of Uzbekistan and the life of the Uzbek people. Since ancient times, potters occupied the place among the most respected people, and those, who particularly excelled in his work, enjoyed fame far beyond the borders of the motherland.

Jewelcrafting of Khiva

Jewelcrafting is one of the oldest arts, the secrets of which for several centuries, passed down from generation to generation. First jewelry found on the territory of Khoresm, dated XII century BC, when there was no Tashkent or Bukhara or Samarkand.

Unique architectural epigraphy of Khiva

Inscriptions on marble panels and plates are one of the unique features of architectural and memorial epigraphy and medieval Khiva. It is most often grandiloquent texts devoted to the construction of any buildings, they are similar in genre to the epitaph poems with philosophical content, and even copies of documents and proclamations. All they once adorned the walls of all sorts of constructions of Khiva and therefore are part of the architectural epigraphy of the city and its surroundings.

Intangible heritage of Khiva

Majestic architectural monuments, artistic heritage of great scientists, philosophers, poets have survived works miniature artists and potters, product masters of embroidery, weaving is passing down from generation to generation, traditions and customs.

Qibla Tosabog

In Khiva preserved about fifty old madrasas and only few residencies of Khan. They are of great interest among visitors as well as in their architectural composition that clearly traced urban trends prevailing in Khorezm for several centuries. Rural summer residency Qibla Tosabog was constructed in XIX and now surrounded by garden and flowers.

Oriental bazaar in Khiva

In Khiva now there are about ten major markets, each of which has its own historical period of formation. The oldest of them is the Palvan Darwaza bazaar of Khiva, and it is situated near Palvan Darwaza Gates; this is also the most significant one and it is located in the center of the city. In the middle ages there were other small markets that served functioning of the main bazaar.

Said Muhammad Mahir mausoleum

Said Muhammad Mahir mausoleum is located in Khiva and valued as a family tomb of Khiva khans. Saeed Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Rahim Khan II (Feruz) and his grandson Temur Gazi Tour were buried here. In mausoleum there are graves of the descendants of Khiva khans, their wives and children.

Airtam complex

Buddhist complex Airtam is situated in Khoresm region and dated back to the 4th century BC. The study of Buddhist monuments of Central Asia began from excavations in Airtam. And according to six Bactrian inscriptions King Kanishka had implemented large construction works of Buddhist temple in particular restored and decorated the complex.

Zoroastrian heritage of Khoresm

The history of the origin, development, establishment of Zoroastrianism is associated with the fact that Zoroastrianism was born in Central Asia at the turn of II-I BC. In the territory of Uzbekistan there are 38 monuments of Zoroastrianism, of which 17 are situated in the Khorezm oasis, while there are only 63 monuments of this religion around the world, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India.

Sayid bai Minaret

The majority of minarets are located in Khiva. The striking panorama of Ichan Kala captures four main minarets. Among them there is Sayid bai Minaret. This spectacular cityscape demands admiration as the minarets tower skywards. Built in 1855 this minaret is another widely known monument of ancient Khiva.

Uch Avlioli mavsoleum

The name of Uch Avlioli mavsoleum means "mausoleum of three saints" and it is located in ancient city of Khiva. Place of construction that refers to the 18th century was the suburban cemetery existed until the 20th century. The current location of the mausoleum is the rear courtyard of the palace Tash Hawley.

Bibi Hajar Mausoleum

Located in the old city of Khiva, Bibi Hajar complex was built in 1846. It includes a mausoleum, winter mosque and cemetery. Pillar winter mosque there is a sign, which says that the building was erected during the epoch of Muhammad Rakhimkhan.

Dishan Kala

Khiva is a city-museum that was mentioned in the "Avesta" and the works of the "father of history" Herodotus. In every century Khiva were decorating and had no less scenic view than at the beginning of its existence.

Matniyaz Divanbegi Madrasah

On the order of Minister of Finance of Khiva Mohammad Niaz Khan Divanbegi were built madrasah in the central part of Ichan-kala near covered market chorsu. Matniyaz Divanbegi Madrasah is located near Aminkhan Muhammad Madrasah and was erected in 1871. On the north side of the main street, thesre is madrasah Ichon-Qala, in the south adjoins the newly constructed building of the restaurant catering department "Khiva", in the southeast is the mausoleum of Sayyid Alauddin Madrasah.

Matpanabay Madrasah

Madrasah is located north of the Juma Mosque in Khiva. This madrasa built by one of the richest merchants in 1905. Madrasah performed by major masters and Khiva Khudaybergen Haji Qalandar Kochum. Reservations were facing the front part of the east and the south side of the corridor is designed to enter the madrasah.

Rafanek Madrasah

This madasah was erected in 1853 in Khiva with the explicit intention to surpass all his predecessors on the throne in the wealth of architectural decoration.

Bazaar of old Khiva

Bazaar of old Khiva is the busiest place of the city, particularly crowded here on Sundays. Even in remote villages of the oasis, as in ancient times, people go to the market both venerable gray-bearded old men, and colorfully dressed women and young boys and girls.

Mamad Maram Madrasah

Mamad Maram complex is located in Khiva and was constructed in 1903 by one of the most influential officials Mukhammad Rahim Khan. Madrasah and mosque comprise typical complex that are constructed out of brick. The area around the mosque rebuilt with a spacious yard with a wooden ayvans columns.

Payando mausoleum

Payando mausoleum is located south of the most ancient Khiva - Juma Mosque, multicolumn hypostyle mosque. Its sprawled, covered with a flat roof beam volume could accommodate the entire male population of the city that came here for traditional Muslim Friday's worship.

Tort Shaffaz madrasah

Tort Shaffaz madrasah is situated in the outer city of Khiva – fortress Dishan Kala. Madrasah erection was initiated in 1875 and was fully finished ten years later, during the reign of Mukhammad Rakhim Khan.

Shahimardan Mausoleum

This mausoleum of Khiva is located 500 meters west of Dishan-Kala. In the XVIII century mausoleum formed around the cemetery. People associate this place with the name of Hazrat Ali, son of prophet. In fact, the first were buried here Khorezmshakh brave warriors.

Mukhammad Rahim Khan madrasah

In the eastern part of the main square, near the citadel Kun-Ark there is the Mukhammad Rahim Khan madrasah. It was erected in 1871 and now is considered as one of the largest educational institutions in Khiva. Mukhammad Rahim Khan II went down in history as an enlightened and wise monarch.

Hassan Murat Kushbegi Mosque

Hassan Murat Kushbegi mosque is located in the "inner city" (Ichan - Kala) of Khiva, behind the Musa Tour madrasah. It was built at the beginning of the XIX century (1802) by Murat Hassan khan together with his cousin Shah Niyaz.

Palvan Kari complex

Palvan Kari comlex is located in Khiva. It was built in 1905 by Khiva merchant Palvan Kari. The complex specialized in selling perfumes and fabrics from Russia - Astrakhan, Orenburg and Nizhny Novgorod. And in 1913 in Palvan Kari began selling sewing machines and repair them.

Sheikh Mukhtar Ata Mosque

In southern part of modern Khorezm region of Uzbekistan between the Karakum Desert and Kyzlkum, there is one of the most remarkable cities of Central Asia - Khiva. It is unique, the only fully preserved in the region, city monument.

Mazari Sharif Madrasah

This madrasah is located in Khiva and was erected by the order of Rahim Kuli Khan’s son in 1905. Entrance to madrasah is laid in the south wall through the dome gallery with a large archway courtyard. Every visitor is bewitched by the unique majolica and green glazed bricks that are the main decoration of the entrance portal.

Bagbanli Mosque

This mosque is located in ancient city of Khiva in Ichan-Kala. It was constructed in 1809 and has its own legend. After all, every devout Muslim, believes his sacred duty to build a house and keep God's work. One such legendary mosques mosque is Bagbanli. Inscription in verse on a stone plate at the entrance reads that the mosque was built in 1809 (1224 Hijra).

Yar Muhammad Devon Mosque

Yar Muhammad Devon Mosque was built in XYIII century in Khiva. It is located behind one of the oldest mausoleums Ichan Kala - Sheikh Said Allauddin. Its eastern borders lay near Abdurasulbay madrasah.

Yusuf Yasulbashi Madrasah

In ancient complex of Ichan-Kala in Khiva, west of the archaeological site of the mausoleum of the cult Pahlavan Mahmud Musa is located opposite the Yusuf Yasulbashi Madrasah. It is considered one of the most iconic landmarks of Ichan Kala (inner city). Madrasah was named in honor of Yusuf khan Yasulbashi.

Shirgazikhan madrasah

Shirgazikhan was an intelligent, brave, adventurous, skilful in military ruler. Particularly struck by all his contemporaries that he using stratagems completely crushed a military expedition led by Prince Bekovich- sent by the Russian Tsar Peter I c to take over the golden sand, located on the ground Khorezm.

Muhammad Amin Madrasah

Muhammad Amin Madrasah was built in 1785 by the order of Mohammed Amin who was the first emir of Kungrat dynasty in Khiva. According to legend, in one of the rooms of the madrasah was burial Mohammed Amin or his younger son Qutlugh ball Murad Khan.

Sha Qalandar Bobo Complex

This complex was built in the XIX century in Khiva and comprises a traditional architecture of madrasah of that time. It is next to the burial of Sheikh Qalandar Bobo.

Abd Al Bobo complex

Abd Al Bobo Mausoleum is located in the eastern part of Dishan-Kala in Khiva and was built in the 18th century. The mausoleum was constructed in honor of Abd Al Bobo or Akhmad Palvon Zomchi. After the Arab invasion to Central Asia, Abd Al Bobo was one of the followers of Islam in Khiva.

Kutlug Murad complex

Depicting the events of the past Kutlug Murad complex was constructed by the order of Abulgazi Rahimhanom Mohammed in Khiva. It is a historical palace with a large dome that inactivated by Kutlug Murad khan in 1812.

Makhdoom Talib Madrasah

Madrasah was built on the order of scribe (Mirza) and close person Muhammad Khan of Khiva Rahimkhan II and his Vizier Islam Khoja Makhdoom Talib in 1910 on the territory adjacent to the north madrasah Islam Khoja.

Djuma Mosque

Djuma Mosque of Khiva was one of the most remarkable buildings of this city during the middle ages. It was constructed in XVII century and now this monument is referring to the most ancient mosques of Khorezm.

Said Niyaz complex

This structure was built by a rich merchant Said Niyaz in 1842. Now it is one of the popular tourist destinations of Khiva. The constructions of the mosque is linked a legend that the works of the mosque was running only one master, and the remaining was carried by children.

Said Muhammad Khan Madrasah

Said Muhammad Khan Madrasah is located in a picturesque place next to Sirchali Dishan-Kala complex in Khiva. It was erected after the death of Muhammad Khan of Khiva, by the order of his son Said Muhammad Rahim Khan II in memory of his father in 1864.

Atadjan complex

Khiva district includes part of the city and the nearby village. Here, as in other areas of Khiva located some incredible landmarks such as a significant architectural complex Atadjan. Mosque and madrassa Atadjan were built in 1893-1899 years by Atadjan, younger brother of Muhammad Said Rahimkhan II, who was temporarily declared Khan during the Russian siege of the city.

Kazi Kalyan Madrasah

Kazi Kalyan Madrasah was built in 1905 by the order of the chief judge (Qadi Kalyan) Salim Ahoon in Khiva. The dimensions of madrasah are small and do not differ from other contemporary madrasah. But at the time the principle of learning of the madrasa differed from other religious schools.

Bikanzhan Bica complex

This building of public worship comprises madrasah, mosques and minarets formed on the ancient site near the mausoleum of revered people Shokalandar, one part of the complex. According to the historical data mausoleum was built in the 16th century in Khiva.

Pahlavan Mahmud madrasah and minaret

In 1908 - 1910 years in Khiva was built the Pahlavan Mahmud complex that was one of the most famous monuments of those times. Pahlavan Mahmud put a lot of effort and works on the improvement of the city. Due to his efforts in Khiva were built hospital building, post, telegraph, Kosh - Darwaza Gate, the palace official receptions in the palace complex and new bridges of iron structures in some areas of Khorezm.

Alla Kuli Khan Caravanserai

In 1831, in the eastern part of Ichan-Kala was constructed a large market area by the order of Khiva’s Khan. Here was erected a shopping arcade selling grains, fruits, soaps, and candles. Here were also series of small trading houses and in the adjacent site thre was a place of the slave trade.

Arab Muhammad Khan Madrasah

Arab Muhammad Khan Madrasah endured two births, separated by centuries. First madrasah raised due to the transfer of the center of Khorezm Old Urgench to Khiva, appeared in Arab Muhammad Khan in 1611. From this frame building were carved with wooden columns and fragments composing ceilings that now presented in Museum of Applied Arts in Khiva.

Palace Tash Hawley

Palace Tash Hawley or "Stone courtyard" is located in the eastern part of the ancient Ichan Kala (inner fortress of Khiva). Nearby there is another ancient monument - the gates Palvan Darvaza.

Kalta Minar Minaret

Khiva is a beautiful city that carries every traveler to another world, bewitching with incredible medieval buildings. One of these buildings is Kalta Minar Minaret this is a perfect symbol of this ancient city.

Islom Khodja Minaret

Khiva is a place of pilgrimage for tourists from around the world. When you are walk along the streets of this ancient city, you could forget that you are in XXI century. One of the many attractions in Khiva one of the most famous one is Islom Khodja Minaret that considered as the highest minaret in Khiva. This architectural masterpiece was built in the beginning of XX century.

Chadra - Hawley Palace

This ensemble is the most beautiful palace of Khiva Khans dynasty. The masterpiece of medieval art preserved authentic architecture, which later disappeared. It was built in XVIII century but until now it bewitches every visitor of the palace.

Nurullabay Palace

Nurullabay palace was built in 1912 by order of Muhammad Rahimbay II. Construction of the palace lasted for almost 6 years. This architectural complex consists of several courtyards, lush gardens and councils, ceremonial and residential premises. Traditionally, the palace is surrounded by gigantic ramparts length of 650 meters with a protective semi-circular towers - gulbdasta.

Ak-Mosque

Ak-Mosque was erected in command of Anoushkhan in 1684 in Tashkent. It is known as a small minaret that enriched with elaborate tracery and texts from the Koran located near Palvandarvaza gate.

Mausoleum of Sheikh Syed Alauddin

The oldest of the surviving architecture of Khiva is the mausoleum of Sheikh Syed Alauddin, referring to the 14th century.

Toprak-kala. The ancient capital of Khorezm

The ancient settlement Toprak-Kala is an outstanding sight of Khorezm culture that refers to 6 A.D. The capital of Khorezm was here in the 3rd century A.D.

Citadel Kunya Ark. Immemorial magnificence

Kunya Ark means "Walled City", is the citadel, which served as a residence for the Khan of Khiva.

The fortress Ickhan-Kala. Adorable heritage of Khiva

Across the eastern cities of the medieval fortress was divided into two distinct parts: the inner city, which was called Ichan-Kala and outer city Dishan-Kala.

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