Sightseeing in Bukhara
- Baths-khammam in Bukhara
- Bukhara State Museum
- Poi-Kalyan Ensemble
- Mausoleum of imam Abu Khafs Kabir
- Mosque Fayzabad Khanqah
- Fayzulla Khodjaev Museum
- Kalyan Mosque
- Djami Mosque
- Ensemble of Khoja Gaukushon in Bukhara
- Kosh-Madrasah Ensemble
- Chor-Bakr Ensemble
- Kukeldash madrasah
- Intangible heritage of Bukhara
- Bukhara carpets
- Thumbnail art of Bukhara
- Burial of Sheih Akhbor Vali
- Ulugbek Madrasah in Bukhara
- Zindan of Emir
- Buyan Kuli Khan Mausoleum
- Central bazaar of Bukhara
- Kurpa Mosque
- Sayyid Amir Kula tomb
- Chashma Ayub
- Magoki Attari Mosque
- Khalif Hudoydod complex
- Abdulaziz Madrasah
- Vabkent minaret
- Karakul reserve
- Dzheiran reserve
- Mausoleum of the Samanids
- Emir-Alim-Khan Madrasah
- The ancient Ark fortress
- Chor-Minor Madrasah
- Kalyan Minaret
- The madrassa Mir-Arab
- Nadir Divanbegi Madrasah
- Caravanserai Nougat
- Bakhauddin Nakshbandi Mausoleum
- Khodja Zaynutdin Complex
- Varaksha. The place where emanates the East
- Talipach Gate. Reminder of bygone times
- Gijduvan. The center of ceramic heritage of uzbekistan
- Sitorai mohi hosa. The corner of Eden on the Earth
- Bolo-Hauz. Bewitching carvings of national architecture
- Ancient city of Vardanzi. Oriental spirit of the Early Medieval
- Shafirkan. The place that shift every visitor to Medieval tale
- Paikend. The mysticism of the ancient Zoroastrian settlement
- Lyabi-Hauz Ensemble: another great Ensemble of sightseeing in Bukhara
- Mausoleum of Sayf al -Din Bokharzi. The marvelous subtlety of medieval masterpiece
Bukhara sightseeing: the greatest sights of Holy city
Sightseeing in Bukhara will be much more different then sightseeing in any other ancient city of Uzbekistan. You wonder why? As I already mentioned, Bukhara is one of those unique cities visual whose usual look haven’t changed much as the years passed by. The powers of Soviet architectures were fully directed on renewing such cities as Tashkent and Samarkand, but architecture of Bukhara stayed almost the same as centuries ago.
Bukhara is not only a city, but also a museum under the blue sky. Bukhara sightseeing will give you a great chance to be closer to the events of past that happened here. Walking down the narrow streets of the city, staying for rest in the parks of green and looking at the historical monuments of different epochs will remain in your memory to warm you and make you smile when you will be back home. So, what to start with? Where to go first?
Travel to Uzbekistan particularly to Bukhara is totally unforgettable adventure! Peopletravel will take care of your journey!
Baths-khammam in Bukhara
Baths-khammam in modern days are very widespread in eastern countries. And they are also often can be noted in Central Asia. The first baths-khammam date from the VII century. They say that the Turks took the culture of steam in the Eastern style from the Arabs, and the Arabs, in turn, from the Romans.
Bukhara State Museum
Bukhara city with its more than 150 historical monuments can be ranked with the open-air museum. But the administrative office of Bukhara State Museum is located in former citadel – Ark, where emirs of Bukhara governed. The State Architectural and Art Museum of Bukhara (the second name of the museum) has existed from 1922, but has been located in Ark fortress since 1945.
Poi-Kalyan Ensemble in Bukhara, which has an inimitable silhouette, is located on the front square Registan and it is the nodal architectural complex of the town. Poi-Kalyan is translated as “pedestal of the great”, and it is implied, that the square with the ensemble lies at the foot of Big Bukhara minaret – Kalyan. The buildings of Poi-Kalyan Ensemble were established in various times, but despite the all, the complex Poi-Kalyan looks perfectly and harmoniously; and serves as one of the best models of the Persian architecture.
Mausoleum of imam Abu Khafs Kabir
Numerous architectural monuments of the IX-XV centuries, remained on Uzbek territory, did not only blend with the unique cultural landscape of Central Asia, but became its basic symbols. The monuments are revered as civilized value not only of state, but of world meaning, and have a special piety in the Islamic world.
Mosque Fayzabad Khanqah
In 1598 – 1599 in the north-eastern part of the centre of Bukhara the mosque Fayzabad Khanqah was built. The mosque was constructed as the shelter for itinerants round holy places of dervishes-monks.
Fayzulla Khodjaev Museum
Making a trip to Uzbekistan, to one of the most mysterious cities – Bukhara, do not neglect a chance to visit Fayzulla Khodjaev Museum. House-Museum of Fayzulla Khodjaev, located in the old part of Bukhara, in Goziyon neighborhood, is the bright example of the architecture of the XIX century.
From historical and architectural point of view Kalyan Mosque is the main place in the town. Kalyan Mosque, composing Poi-Kalyan Ensemble is the central mosque of holy Bukhara. Townspeople of Bukhara always were in deed of a big and functional mosque on this place.
The final spreading of Islam in the whole Central Asia determined the high attention to the establishment and maintenance of buildings of the Islamic cult. At the end of the IX century the town of Bukhara turned into one of the significant, cultural and religious centers of the Islamic world, called “dome of Islam”. Today there are many mosques, burial vaults and madrasahs in Bukhara.
Ensemble of Khoja Gaukushon in Bukhara
The cult Ensemble of Khoja Gaukushon is the largest group of buildings in the centre of old Bukhara. Like others, Khoja Gaukushon Ensemble in Bukhara is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and it would be unwise to miss a chance to have a trip to Uzbekistan.
The historians highly appreciate Abdullah Khan’s efforts on improvement of the land. Large construction works were hold thanks to the strengthening of central power. More than 1000 of rabats (coaching inns) and sardobas (dug reservoirs with water), many madrasahs, bridges, water storage basins were built during Abdullah Khan’s governing. The extensive trade center was established in Bukhara.
It would seem that we have exhausted the impressions of Bukhara. But not, there are still wonders, perhaps the most interesting monuments among Uzbekistan tours. In the suburb of Bukhara there is a significant ensemble, concentrating the highest achievements of architecture of the XVI century – Chor-Bakr.
Kukeldash madrasah enters into the composition of the architectural complex Lyabi-Hauz. The madrasah was built in 1569 on Abdullah Khan's initiative. The constructed madrasah became the symbol of strong state during the governing of Abdullah Khan II.
Intangible heritage of Bukhara
Ancient Bukhara attracts attention every year, and despite the heat, here come hundreds of tourists who want to look at the ancient center of world culture and amazing historical buildings. For centuries here lived and worked great musicians, dancers, poets, left a bright trace in history.
Bukhara carpets have become a global brand, dating back to the early middle ages. Even in the time of the Great Silk Road, Europeans could not remain indifferent when the caravan spread Bukhara carpets on the shelves of Madrid or Rome. Soft, pleasant nap, unusual pattern with all shades of red is a masterpiece bought up instantly.
Thumbnail art of Bukhara
Thumbnail is one of the greatest and most famous works of art in the Uzbek people. The first boxes with lacquered painting found in Bukhara, dated XV century.
Burial of Sheih Akhbor Vali
Burial of Sheih Akhbor Vali is located in Kagan district of Bukhara region. The total length of tombstones is 14 meters, its width - 2.20 meters, and near burial is located tomb of murid - a man dedicated to Islam and mastered basic teachings of Sufism.
Ustrushana was a state in Central Asia, located on the present territory of Bukhara region and existed in VII century. This country was divided into 18 regions, each of which had a large number of castles.
Ulugbek Madrasah in Bukhara
Ulugbek Madrasah in Bukhara is one of the earliest buildings, which was constructed by the donation of Ulugbek (1394 - 1449 gg.). It was completed in 1417 and it was not known before the opening of Ulugbek madrasah in Samarkand.
Zindan of Emir
One of the most important monuments of Bukhara is Zindan of Emir that attracts people with its mystery. This one of the most enigmatic monuments of Bukhara was built in the 18th century. "Zindan" in Persian means "prison", "prison", "well for the detention." The prison was built in the northwest corner of Shahristan and consisted of several chambers of debt, the cooler and dungeon, laid of brick with a diameter of about 5 meters and a depth of 6.5 meters.
Buyan Kuli Khan Mausoleum
Buyan Kuli Khan Mausoleum was built in 1358 in Bukhara. Here was a vast religious complex, located at the tomb of the popular Sheikh, poet and theologian, Sayf al -Din al- Bokharzi, who lived in the XIII century.
Central bazaar of Bukhara
Central bazaar of ancient city Bukhara is the oldest and the biggest market of the city. Huge numbers of people with bags, buckets, nets. And the feeling that these people simply do not notice that surrounds them. Bazaars of Bukhara are reserved in its historic district and abundance of wealth and exoticism.
Medieval Bukhara is an architectural phenomenon of 16-17 centuries during vague time with unstable power of Sheybanid khan dynasty. In that time main city was transferred from Samarkand to Bukhara. But despite this, create original works, showing that not dwindled and faded creative spirit builders.
Sayyid Amir Kula tomb
The Shrine is located in the village of Sohar (25 km north of Bukhara). Historical evidence notes the grave spiritual authority of Sufi school of the famous scientist - mystic Hodzhagana Amir Kula (c. 1281-1370).
This monument refers to 1380 and devoted legendary prophet Ayub. It is a religious building includes a mausoleum and a sacred spring. Currently, it houses the Museum of the holy water.
Magoki Attari Mosque
This unique mosque is located in Bukhara and was constructed in XII-XVI. Intra-district mosque associated with the medieval market center of Bukhara. The main facade has asymmetrically positioned portal on which there are major architectural decoration.
Khalif Hudoydod complex
Khalif Hudoydod complex belongs to the historical monuments of XVIII century. This complex is located in the center of old town of Bukhara. Population attributes construction of khanaka to Khalif Hudoydod, who was buried in a nearby cemetery Eshoni Imlo.
Abdulaziz Madrasah was built in 1652 and occupies a special place in the architecture of Bukhara in the richness of artistic decoration and its significance in the Central Asian architecture.
In medieval Bukhara in the silhouette of the city minarets played an important role. For architectural silhouette Bukhara especially Vabkent minaret, visible from a distance of tens of kilometers, when the city walls still buried in suburban gardens.
Uzbekistan has surprisingly diverse natural world that can be found in Karakul Reserve. This Reserve was organized in 1971 on the territory of Kyzyl Kum desert (Bukhara region) in the lower reaches of the river Zarafshan.
The exotic nature of Uzbekistan with its boundless deserts, massive mountain ranges, countless rivers, reservoirs, lakes, nature reserves, as well as a huge variety fauna attracts nature lovers from all over the world.
Mausoleum of the Samanids
This mausoleum was built in the IX century in Bukhara at the command of Ismail Samani, the founder of the first centralized state in Central Asia. Mausoleum of the Samanids is the first in Central Asia building that was built of brick, which is used here not only as a building, but also as a decorative material.
This madrasah is located in the eastern part of ancient Bukhara and was constructed in XVI on the order of Emir-Alim-Khan.
The ancient Ark fortress
Bukhara boasts many architectural and archaeological monuments. And the most ancient one is a fortress Ark that is located on an artificial hill high, about 20 meters its size and the square of 4. 2 hectares.
Interesting architectural monuments Chor Minor is situated in the north-east of Bukhara as a part of Labi-Hauz complex. This monument was erected in XVII century and now keeps the unique pages of historical inheritance of our country.
Kalyan Minaret is one of the tallest buildings in Bukhara, its height is 46.5 m, and a fundamental part of all its leaves to a depth of 10 m with a diameter at the base of 9 m. Powerful tapered thinning ends up with massive pillar lantern cylindrical rotunda on stalactite crown.
The madrassa Mir-Arab
Any tourist who wants to visit Bukhara, the pearl of the East, should definitely to get acquaint with this place. This is a wonderful sightseeing that fascinates with its soulful atmosphere of oriental colors and ornament - madrassa Mir- Arab.
Nadir Divanbegi Madrasah
Nadir Divanbegi madrasah was constructed in XVII and it is situated in the eastern part of the Lyabi Haus complex. This unique architectural building was built in 1622-23 years by Imamkuli Khan Nadir Divanbegi as a caravan-serai, but later it was converted into a madrasah. After the construction it logically completed the ensemble Labi - Hauz.
In the oldest part of Bukhara is located a unique architectural monument that refers to the sixteen century Caravanserai nougat. It is situated in a busy location near the House Bukhara merchant. Passing by the monuments of the Middle Ages anyone cannot fail to notice majestically historic place for guests who arrived in Bukhara from distant parts of the world.
Bakhauddin Nakshbandi Mausoleum
Located near Bukhara the memorial complex of Bakhauddin Nakshbandi is considered as one of the most significant religious places of Bukhara that attracts many visitors as well as pilgrims.
Khodja Zaynutdin Complex
The magnificent sights of Bukhara are known to the whole world. Medieval Bukhara is phenomenon of art architects of XVI-XVII centuries. One of the jewels of Bukhara is a complex of Hodha Zaynutdin that was built in the first half of the XVI century on the shore of one of the oldest hauzes of Bukhara.
Varaksha. The place where emanates the East
Varakhsha is an ancient town. The area of 100 hectares located 40 km west of Bukhara. There are ruins of the citadel with the "corrugated" and the walls of the palace with courtyards, numerous adobe rooms and the front rooms, decorated with paintings and carvings. This remains the houses of IX-X centuries.
Talipach Gate. Reminder of bygone times
Talipach Gate is one of the two surviving gates in the city of Bukhara. They are one of the brightest symbols of the history of this ancient city. Located in the north of the city Talipach gates were built in the XVI during the construction of fortifications under the rule of Abdul - Aziz Khan I of Sheibanids dynasty and were part of the city guards.
Gijduvan. The center of ceramic heritage of uzbekistan
Perhaps Gijduvan will not astonish someone by the abundance of historical monuments, museums and other major attractions. However, here you'll find a unique spirit of oriental tale, walking through the small streets and feeling the atmosphere of this ancient settlement.
Sitorai mohi hosa. The corner of Eden on the Earth
Many people who visit this place call it as fairy Paradise. And it is true, because in this blessed gardens you could see numerous peacocks or the birds of Eden. They are walking about garden paths, dispiritedly staring at their dry thin feet. According to the legends, these birds were excluded from Paradise and as punishment have received extremely horrible voice. This place called Sitorai Mohi Hosa that located in the Pear of Uzbekistan – Bukhara.
Bolo-Hauz. Bewitching carvings of national architecture
To the west of the Ark citadel of Bukhara is a square that was ebullient public center in medieval centuries. Around the square there were crowded caravanserai and houses of rich merchants. Here you will find Bolo- Hauz complex that included a madrassah - Scifo Dorul in which trained future doctors, and a mosque.
Ancient city of Vardanzi. Oriental spirit of the Early Medieval
Vardanzi is an ancient and medieval town located in the Bukhara oasis, 40 km north-east of Bukhara. Now there is reserve in Shafirkan fog Bukhara region.
Shafirkan. The place that shift every visitor to Medieval tale
Archaeological evidence suggests that the settlement on the territory of modern Shafirkan was founded in the early Middle Ages. According to legend, the founder of the city was the Sassanid Shapur prince, who lived in the III century BC. Currently Shafirkan is a district center in the Bukhara region of Uzbekistan. It is home to the representatives of various nationalities: Uzbeks, Tajiks, Russian, Turkmen and others.
Paikend. The mysticism of the ancient Zoroastrian settlement
Paikend is ancient settlement located 60 kilometers south-west of Bukhara and occupies the area about 20 hectares. Large-scale archaeological surveys were carried out in the middle of XX century. And as a result were found many findings that are attractive not only for scientists, but also for tourists. The inner fortress, which was the ruler's palace, occupied dominant position in the city.
Lyabi-Hauz Ensemble: another great Ensemble of sightseeing in Bukhara
Three main buildings originally form Lyabi-Hauz Ensemble: in the North it is Kukeldash madrasah, in the West khanaka of and Nodir Divan-begi and Nodir Divan-begi madrasah in the East part.
Mausoleum of Sayf al -Din Bokharzi. The marvelous subtlety of medieval masterpiece
Mausoleum of Sayf al -Din Bokharzi was built in XIV in Bukhara in honor of merited Sheikh, poet and theologian. Throughout its history mausoleum underwent several reorganizations and restoration. Today it is presented not in the best shape, but one look is enough to immediately feel the age of the building. Time has not spared the mausoleum.