Kyzylkum tugai-desert reserve
Tourists go to Uzbekistan not only because of historical places. There is another object here, for which it is worth to go on a tour to the Khorezm region. The Kyzylkum tugai-desert State Nature Reserve is a unique territory with threatened species of plants and animals. The vegetable and animal worlds of the reserve, which extends to 10,311 hectares, is very diverse. This natural territory is located simultaneously in two areas - Khorezm and Bukhara. The Kyzylkum Reserve is located in the coastal part of the Amu Darya River and extends from the northwest to the southeast at a distance of 30 km, from the east to the west - 3 km. It is two isolated areas - tugai and sandy-desert.
At one time the Kyzylkum National Reserve was created to conserve the gene pool of Bukhara (Central Asian) hangul deer. The existence of natural shelters, an abundance of feeds favorably affected the life and reproduction of the inhabitants of tugai fasteners. The Kyzylkum State Reserve was founded in 1971.
Flora of the Kyzylkum tugai-desert Reserve
Covered plots of the reserve are exclusively natural plantations. Here white saxaul, turf Euphrates, willow, narrow-leaved oleaster, tamarisk, kandym, or juzgun Medusa head, as well as desert grassy vegetation grow. On takyr-like soils everywhere you can find yantak, black saxaul, wormwood. Ephemerals are found in very small quantities. On the alluvial-marshy soils there are reedbeds. Plants in the reserve, as everywhere in the desert, play an exceptionally important role in securing the sands and banks of the river. More than 100 plant species grow in the reserve. After the rain in the area of the Kyzyl Kum nature reserve there are edible and poisonous hat mushrooms of different types, shapes and colors. Later they are already found in the dry form.
Fauna of the Kyzylkum Tugai-sandy State Reserve
The fauna of the national park is distinguished by the diversity inherent in river valleys and sandy-desert territories. The Bukhara deer inhabit the reserve. Sometimes the gazelles come on the sandy site of the reserve. Steppe cat, hare-tolai, wild boars, foxes and wolves are common here. There are many birds, but the Amu Darya pheasant represents a special value and charm. The Kyzylkum Tugai and Sand Reserve is also rich in other species of birds, including marble teal, golden eagle, black kite. In the bays and channels there are various kinds of ducks. Many kinds of birds are found only on migration or arrive for wintering. Steppe turtles, skates, and witches are common in the reserve. Gyurza, the venomous snake, lives here. You can often meet a long-eared hedgehog. In the Amu Darya there are carp, barbel, catfish, asp and rudd.
Climate in the Kyzylkum Nature Reserve (Uzbekistan)
The climate of the desert zone of the reserve is extremely dry and sharply continental. In summer the temperature reaches + 44o, in winter it falls to -20o and below. Rare clouds, a prolonged hot summer with heavily drying winds are typical here. Precipitation on average is 120 mm per year.
Departing for a rest in Uzbekistan in the early autumn or spring, you will find a riot of greenery, even in one of the long hiking trips you can stay overnight in a tourist camp outdoor. On the territory of the Kyzylkum State Nature Reserve, the flora and fauna harmoniously combine three natural zones - the desert, tugai forest and the Amu Darya river valley. Owing to the diversity of biological species you can observe the phenomenon. Even if during your vacation, you will not be able to see all beautiful corners of the reserve, you will have the opportunity to walk the most popular hiking trails, accompanied by a guide from Peopletravel Company.