Uzbek nay

If you are among those who are looking for new sensations or are interested in the traditions of the countries of the world, Uzbekistan tour packages will do for you. The culture of Uzbekistan is extremely diverse. For example, Uzbek music and traditional musical instruments are worth listening? Here is a brief overview of one of the oldest musical instrument - nay.

Nay belongs to a subgroup of Uzbek folk instruments among wind wooden instruments. Nay also refers to the transverse type of flute instruments.

Uzbek nay is an instrument, which is in shape and sound reminiscent of a flute. The material for it is usually a bamboo tree, as well as tin and brass.

According to the form, nay is a cylindrical tube usually 20-30 mm in diameter and 450-520 mm in length. On the upper part of nay there are six finger holes, through which seven sounds of the diatonic scale are elicited.

By varying the blowing force and closing the holes completely or halfway, Uzbek nay musicians get a chromatic scale and expand the instrument range to two and a half octaves. The sound of nay is strong and whistling, but not sharp. Technically the instrument is very mobile.

When playing Uzbek melodies of nay, various types of melism are widely used, as well as different strokes (legato, staccato, portamento). Lingering melodies with slowly intonated sounds, enriched by a thin change of dynamic shades are more characteristic for nay.

Nay is one of the most widely used musical instruments in Uzbekistan.

The evidence of the ancient prevalence of flute instruments on the territory of Uzbekistan is provided by historical data, including archaeologists’ finds in the form of figurines of musicians-flutists. The earliest descriptions of nay, made by Farabi in his "Great Book of Music", show that in the IX-X centuries nay corresponded to modern instruments.

Uzbek nay is solo, ensemble and orchestral instrument. We can perform technically-mobile plays with the help of nay.

By the type of material there are agach-nay (wooden), garau-nay (bamboo), mis-nau (tin) and bringji-nay (brass). Agach-nay and garau-nay have an additional hole sealed with paper (located near the blowing hole), which gives the sound a special, "membrane" timbre. 

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