Uzbek national clothes
Uzbek national clothing is a whole layer of Uzbek culture, which is given much attention in modern Uzbekistan. Practically in each region there are several museums with expositions of clothes from different eras. Special attention should be paid to the fact that unlike the medieval clothes of the European peoples, the national dress of the people of Uzbekistan, having evolved in everyday life, is still used by most of the rural population to this day.
History of Uzbek clothing
The clothes of the Uzbeks’ ancestors living on the territory of Uzbekistan have been forming in accordance with the peculiarities of natural conditions, way of life and tribal traditions. Archaeological miniatures of manuscripts preserved until our time give a fairly clear idea of the Uzbek traditional clothing, its forms and evolution.
The main factor that influenced the ethnic clothing of the Uzbeks, of course, was Islam. Therefore, the toilet items were wide, long, whole-cut, designed to freely fall and completely cover the human body. Traditional Uzbek clothing continued to preserve features of archaism until the 20th century. Men's, women's and even children's clothes were practically the same in form and cut.
Uzbek men’s clothing
The foundation of the national Uzbek men’s clothing is a chapan - quilted robe, which is tied with a waist scarf - kiyikcha. Kuilak - the lower male shirt of straight cut, and ishton - wide trousers that narrow to the bottom, are dressed on the body. Legs are shod in boots made of thin leather.
Dressing gowns – chapans are sewed from striped material, have vertical cuts on the sides. Pockets and buttons are not foreseen. Chapans are summer from thin fabric or winter, warm, quilted with cotton.
The population of the plains oases wore soft boots along with leather shoes without backs. At the time of equestrian running the Uzbek nobility wore smart boots, the graceful heel of which was skewed to the middle of the sole, allowing the rider to keep in the stirrups deftly.
The skullcap - duppi is the final attribute of the Uzbek male costume. This hat is more a tribute to the traditions of Islam than protection from bad weather.
Uzbek women's clothing
The national dress of Uzbek women is a combination of modesty with femininity, mystery, eastern subtlety and grace. To sew, embroider, decorate a dress, you should have a subtle taste, talent and extraordinary patience.
From time immemorial, Uzbek women wore clothes made of silk, cotton and velvet.
Uzbek national wear from cotton was considered a clothing for the poor, and was the cheapest fabric. As a rule, clothes from this material were worn mainly by the poor and employees of their owners. This material had great advantages, apart from the low price, it was soft. It absorbed the heat and was painted without difficulties.
Uzbek national costumes made of silk and velvet was considered festive, and mainly, it was worn by rich people.
The Uzbek traditional clothes of the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity consisted of dresses - kuilak and wide trousers - lozim. The dresses were sewn straight, about ankle length, sometimes widening to the bottom. Sleeves of the clothes according to the rules, were long, hiding their hands. And only by the end of the XIX century, the cut was modified a little, there was a detached coquette on the chest, a standing collar and cuffs. More daring use of color in the sewing of women's clothing was allowed. Uzbek women’s clothes began straightway to shine with bright silks and famous khan-atlases.
A robe - mursak served as upper clothing for women, as well as for men. The robe was made long and loose, like a tunic. For the summer it was light, and for the winter it was quilted on cotton wool.
After the "emancipation of the women of the East" in the twenties of the last century and the lifting of the burqa, the Uzbek women began to use a headscarf.
Footwear consisted of makhsi (ichigi - beautiful boots without a back, with a soft sole, without a heel) and boots made of coarse leather or rubber. These are very comfortable and warm shoes and to this day they are popular.
Traditionally, the Uzbek women's clothing was supplemented with decorations that were not forbidden by Islam and were used in full measure. Gold and silver earrings, pendants, bracelets and rings, made in the form of tumors - amulets or carrying the traditional oriental pattern, everything was done in order to emphasize the marital status and status of the woman.
One of the main details in traditional clothes in Uzbekistan is the headdress. Uzbek skullcap is considered the national headdress in Uzbekistan.
Its name comes from the Turkic "tyube", which is translated as "top". It is worn by men, women and children. Each region of Uzbekistan has its own type of the skullcap in height and patterns. For special, festive events there are elegant Uzbek skullcaps, which are decorated with bright and colorful embroideries and patterns, gold embroidery.
Today national clothing of Uzbekistan
A modern version of a woman's costumes in Uzbekistan is made up of a dress, pants and a headdress. The length of the dress varies up to the knee and below. Pants still remain an indispensable part of the Uzbek wardrobe. As for shoes, they differ in the decor. Also there are skullcaps, in solemn occasions the Uzbeks wear beautifully decorated skullcaps.
At the end of the twentieth century, domination of the western style of clothing was observed. However, the production of clothing is still happening in accordance with the traditional design, the presence of national patterns and colors.
The Uzbeks with pleasure combine their clothes with modern European clothes. The combination of these two styles gives every woman the charm and uniqueness.
Most of the men and women in Uzbekistan today, especially in the city, dress modernly, according to European standards.
If today you want to see Uzbek traditional costumes, you can come to Uzbekistan and get on some Uzbek national holiday or festival. Riot of colors, Uzbek music, traditional beautiful wear and the atmosphere of the holiday will bring to your stay in Uzbekistan a breath of eastern life.