Uzbek customs and traditions
Each people of our planet has its own rituals, which have been formed over the centuries. Uzbek customs have come into current life, having retained their identity and diversity.
Formation of Uzbek traditions
Uzbek ethnicity, in scientists' judgment, is considered one of the oldest ethnic groups in our world, so Uzbek customs and traditions have a long history. Many traditions and customs are preserved thanks to the fact that everyone, regardless of origin or status, considered and considers it its duty to comply with them.
Uzbek ethnic group is one of the oldest, brightest and most multiple in Central Asia. Acres in the upper reaches of the Amu Darya, Syr Darya and in the foothills of the Tien-Shan have always been on the ethno-cultural component from the other regions of Central Asia. The locals in the IV century BC went from a nomadic to a settled way of life, so at dawn of civilization distinctive cultural and public structure of the society, which has not changed for centuries, was formed here. Only with the advent of Islam, some aspects of Uzbek culture have undergone some changes, but Islam soon joined organically into the local culture than vanquished it.
The ancient Iranian peoples, later, the nomadic Turkic tribes, then the Chinese and Russian made contribution to the culture of Uzbekistan.
Uzbek National House
The main peculiarities of the Uzbek family are cordiality and traditionally respectful esteem to elders. The Uzbeks commonly live in large families, so preference is shown to big ground-mounted houses. Traditional Uzbek house (often two-story with open verandah) is built around the periphery of a courtyard, planted with fruit trees.
Living room (mekhmon khona) in the house is usually a very large and elegantly decorated room. Before dinner the hosts spread kurpachi (small embroidered mattresses), and family members have dinner sitting on them. In good weather, the whole family is resting or sleeping on the couch, set in the yard. The rule in Uzbekistan culture is to accept invitations. Respectable guests are greeted at the gates of the owners; they are greeted and invited into the house.
Tea is offered here as before as after any meal. Initially, the table is laid with sweets, pastries, dried fruit and nuts, fruits and vegetables and snacks; and only after all dishes a customary pilaf and other food are served. Hot cakes should be in the cuisine, which in no case should not be turned over. It is not a good omen to let a piece of cake fall.
Tea and tea ceremony take a certain place in Uzbek rituals. Brewing this really a main drink of the country, as well as pouring it to guests, is the prerogative of men. Tea is infused in a small pot and poured into small bowls. The traditional Uzbek special appeal of the hospitality here is characteristically small quantity of tea. The more honorable guest, the less drink is in his tea bowl. This nonsense is explained very simply. The guest will more frequently ask for the additive and the guest will be given more attention.
Peopletravel suggests a traveler Uzbekistan trips and to visit the real Uzbek home in Uzbekistan that he or she can see Uzbekistan culture and traditions and feel the warmth and benevolence of the true Uzbeks. This visit will decidedly leave the most memorable impressions of the Uzbek hospitality and excellent Uzbek cuisine, which will be offered to taste in this house!
Neighboring community or makhalla is a kind of social institution in Uzbek society. Makhalla operates on principles of mutual help and self-government. Also educational problems are assigned to it. Among the residents of makhalla, and nowadays a beautiful custom called hashar is supported. Its purport lies in the fact that residents of makhalla absolutely free and selflessly help each other. Neighbors will always help, if you need to organize any festival, prepare pilaf, to tidy a street. Usually everybody takes up the call.
Types of Uzbek traditions and rituals
In the life of the Uzbek rites there is a specific role. For example, such happy moments of life as the birth and upbringing of children, matchmaking and wedding are attended by unusually vivid ancient rituals, in which all relatives, neighbors and guests are involved. Each person is assigned a part.
Childbirth among the Uzbeks, like in other peoples of the world, is the ineffable joy and the greatest holiday. After the name to the baby is given Beshik-tuyi starts. Guests are invited. Cattle are cut. Tables are laid.
Beshik-tuyi - the first laying of the baby in his own bed. This Uzbek ritual is usually timed to coincide with the 7th, 9th, 11th or 40th day of the birth.
Khatna kilish (Sunnat Tuyi is another name) is a mandatory Uzbek rite of circumcision for all boys. From boy’s birth parents prepare for this event: they sew blankets, linens, glad rags. This Uzbek ritual is held, when the boy is 3, 5, 7 or 9 years, very rarely - 11-12 years. People also call this ceremony the "wedding."
Uzbek wedding party: traditions
Uzbek wedding traditions have been formed over thousands of years, and now Uzbek wedding is the brightest and event which is celebrated more than one day. Preparation for the event is conducted on a specific scenario, as during the holiday age-old rituals and traditions should be observed. But the main goal is to find a worthy bride for the groom.
Uzbek traditional music
Uzbek music is characterized by complex rhythms that create a rich melodic sound. Music is an individual tinge and creative kind, though the rhythms, in general, follow the verse structures.
Kurash (in translation - "the goal of an honest way") is a kind of national belt wrestling, traditional among the Turkic peoples. This martial art appeared on the territory of modern Uzbekistan presumably about three and a half thousand years ago.
Uzbek national clothes
And finally, some words about Uzbek national costume. The Uzbek national dress has remained virtually unchanged since the beginning of a new era.
Recently Uzbeks clothes have undergone great changes under the impact of European culture, so all over the country you can contemplate people, dressed in the latest fashion.
Modern Uzbekistan is a land with centuries-old traditions, has an enormous impact on the lives and the culture of the Uzbek people. Their ancient origins, intelligence, brightness and beauty of national ceremonies invariably attract thousands of tourists to Uzbekistan.