Among the remarkable traditions with which Uzbek art is rich, a special place is occupied by the artistic design of fabrics. This branch of traditional art originated in antiquity and already in the period of antiquity and the early Middle Ages acquired a developed character.
Uzbek suzanne today is a visiting card of our republic. After all, as soon as the conversation begins about suzane and embroidery, everyone immediately says - Uzbekistan! And it is possible.
Uzbekistan is famous for its suzani: decorative silk embroideries, striking imagination with bright colors and a variety of exquisite patterns.
Suzanne or suzani (from Persian - "sewn with a needle") – a decorative panel, embroidered with silk or cotton threads.
It is believed that Uzbek needlework originated in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but some experts believe that it was invented before the 18th century.
In the 15th century, the ambassador of Castile, Rui de Clavijo Gonzalez, who visited Tamerlane, compiled detailed descriptions of the embroideries, which were probably the predecessors of Uzbek suzani.
Uzbek suzani textiles traditionally were made by brides as part of their dowry. By tradition, Uzbek suzani pillows, bedspread, rugs and wall hangings are created by women's hands. The methods of sewing and the ornament of embroidery were transferred from mother to daughter. In each family the decorative embroidery was created. The execution of suzani, as a rule, took one or two years of effort of the skilled workers. Dowry for the girls was prepared when they were still young. Mother and her relatives embroidered beautiful clothes for the bride. Since ancient times, Uzbekistan suzani embroidery has always been present in every house. They decorated the walls, and served as an amulet.
Today in Uzbekistan, as before, suzani is embroidered, but not only by brides, but also many female and male masters.
Popular Uzbek suzani motifs are sun and moon, flowers (especially tulips, carnations, irises), leaves, vines, fruits (especially garnets), sometimes - fish and poultry. When creating syuzane, various techniques of needle embroidery and crochet embroidery are used.